The 21st UN Conference on Climate (COP21) will take place from November 30 to December 11, 2015 in Paris, France. It has become a priority of French President François Hollande who said that the absence of an international agreement in order to maintain global warming below 2° Celsius would be “a disaster.”
From a diplomatic viewpoint, the goal set by Hollande already seems possible. Heavyweight and timely support, his US counterpart Barack Obama announced on August 3, 2015 the launching of his Clean Power Plan which aims at reducing United States’ carbon dioxide emissions by 32% from 2005 levels by 2030.
On August 20, 2015, Germany and Brazil adopted a common stance toward the COP21, the latter committing to reducing Amazon deforestation to zero by 2030. As a result, with such strong support, Hollande knows the absence of an agreement is rather unlikely. If this will be a positive step, only the verifiable application of the agreement to every country will give the COP21 a concrete meaning.